South Florida Legal Guide Nominations

The best lawyers are recognized for their extensive experience and exceptional performance. Lists of top lawyers are published annually and are based solely on peer nominations. Nominees will be judged on each Florida Bar`s reputation, performance, and credentials. The South Florida Legal Guide set the standard for the final list of top lawyers in the region and continues to be recognized as an important source of information for South Florida`s business and legal communities. Lists of top lawyers are published annually and are based on peer nominations. Candidates are then judged on their merits and individual references before being added to the list. For nearly two decades, SFLG has proven to be the authoritative guide for top lawyers, corporations, and CPAs for litigation and forensic assistance in South Florida. SFLG is now part of the SFBW family. We accept applications for top law firms, lawyers, aspiring lawyers (under 40) and top CPAs and litigation support specialists.

Nominations are open until May 31. Search monthly SFLG in each issue of SFBW. Click here to nominate an attorney in South Florida. The selection of our best entries is based solely on peer nominations. During the months of April and May each year, South Florida lawyers are invited to nominate their peers and peer firms for our various offerings. Top lawyer, top law firm and complement and come. You are also invited to nominate CPAs and financial professionals who provide litigation and forensic support. 3. A high-resolution photo of the candidate. 4. Contact information for two references who can be contacted for an interview regarding the applicant`s legal work and achievements. We do not accept applications by email.

Please register and log in to the Florida Legal Awards nomination page to submit your nomination. The firm`s lawyers included in the guide are listed below. Nominations are reviewed by the editors; When working with Florida Bar, performance and other factors that can confirm the person`s credentials will be considered. It is not about the number of appointments a lawyer or CPA gets, because it is not necessarily a factor that determines quality or seriousness. When you start your nominations now, you will receive notifications so you don`t forget the deadline! You can also simply review the form and fill it out at a later date (if submitted before the deadline). SFLG has grown to more than 20,000 professional services firms in South Florida for nearly two decades and has proven to be the authoritative guide for top lawyers, law firms, and CPAs for litigation and forensic support in the region. Now in its 20th edition, the South Florida Legal Guide continues to be recognized as an invaluable source of information for businesses and the legal community. There is no better measure of relevance than being nominated and recognized by peers. Open to law firms with fewer than 200 lawyers These awards are open to small and medium-sized law firms to be recognized for general litigation and top specialty practice groups. The competition is open to law firms with fewer than 200 lawyers in Florida.

We want to identify and reward best practices in our region, and we know that many lawyers and law firms have regional or national practices. We want you to file lawyer-led cases in Florida, but their cases could be heard anywhere. Please write separate submissions by category, and multiple submissions will be recommended. Pay close attention to all litigation and case work in the department`s areas of specialization, such as trade, mass product/infringement liability, bankruptcy, intellectual property, insurance, labor and employment, real estate, construction, professional regulation, economics, and all other practice areas. (Please note: The American Lawyer has its own competition for large law firms.) For each entry, we ask you to submit a Word or PDF document with the following content: The South Florida Legal Guide currently publishes a list of top lawyers, law firms and CPAs, as well as expert columns written by lawyers, CPAs and other financial professionals, profiles of professionals presenting their references and editorial articles. The firm was also selected as one of the best law firms, highlighting firms with excellent credentials. The included law firms are nominated by the best lawyers and the best and comers in the annual submission of the publication. Top Lawyers Mitchell A. Bierman – Government Relations, Litigation Mitchell J. Burnstein – Distinguished Domain Jamie A.

Cole – Government Litigation, Corporate and Commercial Disputes Ignacio G. Del Valle – Real Estate, Corporations and Businesses Andrew Demers – Banks and Financial Institutions Alan K. Fertel – Entertainment and Sports, Civil Litigation Chad S. Friedman – Land Use, Zoning and Environmental Law Edward G. Guedes – Appeals Alen H. Hsu – Commercial Disputes and Real Estate Michael J. Kurzman – Construction Law John Quick – Litigation Anthony L. Recio – Real Estate – Land Use and Zoning Brett J. Schneider – Labour Law Clifford A. Schulman – Environment, Real Estate – Land Use and Zoning Joseph H.

Serota – Corporate and Commercial Litigation, Government Litigation Marc I. Solomon – Corporate Organizations, Acquisitions and Transfers Richard J. Weiss – Government This program recognizes the region`s most promising lawyers under the age of 40 at the time of the nomination deadline. To be eligible, lawyers must work in Florida.

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Solons Legal Reforms

Cleisthenes` reforms led half a century later to the full flowering of Athenian democracy in the time of Pericles. Solon never intended demos to rule. Nevertheless, it introduced a new idea of broad citizen participation, which put Athens on the path to democracy. At the time of Solon`s reforms, the Zeugitae obtained the right to hold some minor political offices. [6] Their status has increased over the years; In 457/6 BC. They obtained the right to hold the archimony,[7] and in the late 5th century, moderate oligarchs advocated the creation of an oligarchy in which all men with hoplite or higher status would be eligible, and such a regime was effectively established for some time during the Athenian coup of 411 BC. Through his judicial reforms, Solon balanced the legal system by equalizing the administration of justice among all citizens, rather than focusing solely on the upper classes (who traditionally held government positions and often ruled on their behalf.[8] To appease the higher ranks, Solon also created the Areopagus, a council of ex-archons who joined them after finishing their time in the magistrate. As a kind of “Supreme Court,” the Areopagus often tried the most serious cases, usually trials in which the Archons themselves were involved. In addition, the Areopagus was responsible for implementing the reforms proposed by Solon to keep the legal system of Athens equal for all. Solon, a poet and the first Athenian literary figure whose name we know, came from an aristocratic family whose ancestors date back to Hercules for 10 generations, according to Plutarch. The aristocratic beginnings did not prevent him from fearing that someone of his class would try to become a tyrant.

With his reform measures, he did not please the revolutionaries who wanted to redistribute the land, nor the landowners who wanted to keep all their property intact. Instead, he instituted the seisachtheia, by which he cancelled all privileges when a person`s freedom had been given as collateral, freed all debtors from servitude, made it illegal to enslave debtors, and limited the amount of land an individual could own. Of the disgruntled population, the inhabitants of the northern mountainous region of Attica and the poorest and most oppressed part of the population, the Diacians, demanded that the privileges of the nobility that had been obtained until then be completely abolished. Another party, ready to settle for moderate concessions, was composed of the Parali, the inhabitants of the coast of Paralia. The third was formed by the nobles, called pedici or pediaci,[11] because their property was mainly in the pedion,[12] the flattest and fertile part of the country. Solon, who enjoyed the confidence of all parties because of his proven insight and sound judgment, was elected archon by compromise, with full powers to end the difficulties and restore peace through legislation. One of Solon`s most important measures was the Seisachtheia (“exculpatory settlement”). This gave immediate relief by cancelling all debts, public and private. At the same time, it made it illegal for the future to guarantee debts to the debtor. [13] [14] To Pisistratus` credit, he benefited Athens in some way.

The poor peasants received more rights at the expense of the aristocracy. Athens began to develop as a center of commerce and art. Although the reforms of the Solon government have faded, its legal code has remained in place. After Pisistrato`s death, however, tyranny among his sons became more abusive. To resolve the crisis, Solon introduced important constitutional, political and economic reforms aimed at alleviating the economic hardships that had afflicted the poorest strata of the population and giving them partial control in the Athenian government. He reorganized the government in Athens, granted permanent rights to previously disenfranchised Athenians, allowed them to appeal judges` decisions, and allowed one in three uninjured parties to sue on behalf of a person injured for a crime. Constitutional and political reforms established a new political regime that replaced government with a native aristocracy with a timocracy, i.e. based on wealth, adding “the rich to the well-born in the management of the state” (Hansen, 1999, p. 44). Footnote 4 Solon divided the Athenians into four classes according to annual agricultural production (although questions remain about the exact meaning of sizes and the comparability of different products). Those with 500 or more measures of olive grain or oil, called pentacosiomedimnoi; those who have 300-500 measures, called hippeis, rich enough to entertain a horse; those who have 200 to 300 measures, called Zeugitai, rich enough to afford a pair of oxen; and those with fewer than 200 measures, called thetes, mostly landless workers. Political functions were then divided according to economic rank, with the highest offices reserved for the two richest classes and the fourth being excluded entirely.

However, all classes, including the lowest ones, were free to participate in assembling the demos. By extending eligibility for political office to non-aristocrats by ever lower means, the traditional rural aristocracy could no longer monopolize political power. Under Solon`s reforms, all debts were abolished and all debt slaves freed. The status of hectemoroi (the “sixth worker”), who engaged in agriculture in an early form of serfdom, was also abolished. These reforms became known as Seisachtheia. [3] Solon`s constitution reduced the power of the old aristocracy by making wealth, not birth, a criterion for political positions, a system called timocracy. Citizens were equally divided due to their land production: pentacosiomedimnoi, hippeis, zeugitae and thetes. [4] The lower assembly was given the right to hear vocations, and Solon also created the upper assembly. Both were intended to reduce the power of the Areopagus, the aristocratic council. The only parts of the draconian constitution that Solon retained were the murder laws. The constitution was written like poetry, and as soon as it was introduced, Solon went into exile for ten years, so as not to be tempted to take power as a tyrant. For detailed descriptions and critical discussions of Solon`s reforms, see Hansen (1999, pp.

29–32 and pp. 43–46), Wallace (2007), Lyttkens (2013, pp. 54–57 and pp. 72–79), Ober (2015, pp. 148–152) and Patriquin (2015, pp. 11–16). We assume a society composed of three players, indexed by (i=A, S, P,) with exogenous revenues ({Y}_{i} ,) where ({Y}_{A}={theta }_{A}Y,) ({Y}_{S}={theta }_{S}Y,) and ({Y}_{P}={theta }_{P}Y,) and ({theta }_{A}>{theta }_{S}>{theta }_{P}=1.) Players (A) and (S) are two rival elite players (unequally rich), Both are capable of dominating the politics of the polis. Stylistically, (A) includes the highest limb class with 500 output measurements; They are mainly the traditional landed aristocracy, hostile to rich non-aristocrats and previously disenfranchised people. (S) includes wealthy non-aristocrats who were excluded from political office before the reforms; This is mainly the second income bracket, but can also include wealthy non-aristocrats.

Players (P) are ordinary people who are not necessarily poor, but who are not eligible for the highest public office due to ownership restrictions. These include the third and fourth classes of Solonian assets (zeugitai and thetes). Since Solon`s reforms distributed power to aristocrats and increased the number of people previously disenfranchised, all actors have “a share” (“μετέχειν”) in the state (“πόλις”). We formalize this by modeling that each player receives a share of the rent (G) of public offices. Let (G) be written as a share (gamma) of (Y) so that (G =gamma Y) and players (A, S {text{and}} P) can receive shares (unequal(a, sigma {text{and}} rho), or from these locations, where (a+sigma +rho =1). The laws of Solon, the constitutional and judicial reforms, which the Athenian statesman and poet Solon probably made 20 years after his term as archon (annual overlord) in 594 BC. Introduced. In response to the Athenian conflict between the landed aristocracy and the peasantry in the early 6th century, Solon was called upon to pass on injustices that denied even the middle classes of artisans, merchants and peasants government participation. In the reforms of Ephialtes and Pericles around 460-450 BC.

A.D., the Thetes were entitled to hold public office. [9] Solon also tried to make the judicial system fairer for the lower classes. It allowed every citizen to come forward and seek justice for someone who had been legitimately wronged. Previously, only the actual victim of wrongdoing could file a complaint. Under the old system, the powerful could easily threaten weak and poor victims to prevent them from complaining. Solon`s economic reforms included seisachtheia, “shaking the burden” of poor Athenian peasants indebted to the rich in a form of serfdom that turned them into small landowners. Footnote 5 His reforms also criminalized economic idleness, forcing fathers to teach their sons a trade. Footnote 6 By granting all Athenians the right to participate in the assembly and establishing the right to appeal government decisions (archons) to the courts, Solon set in motion a sequence that culminated in the establishment of democracy after the reforms of Cleisthenes in 508/7.

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Social Host Laws California

California Civil Code Section 1714(d)(1), which defines the social host exception, states: Nothing in subsection (c) prevents any action against a parent, guardian or other adult who knowingly supplies liquor in his or her place of residence to a person he or she knows or ought to have known to be under 21 years of age, In such a case, notwithstanding paragraph (b), it may be established: that the supply of the alcoholic beverage is the immediate cause of the resulting injury or death. As a general rule, the injured party and the person responsible for the injury are both parties in a personal injury case. But in a host social responsibility case, also known as a “dram shop,” an injured person can seek damages from the host, who provides alcohol to the person responsible for the injuries. It is important for social hosts to be aware of the potential liability if they are throwing any type of party. If minors are present at a party, the social host must keep all alcohol safe. Social hosts should also advise their adult guests to make sure all alcohol is safe. You can act as a “grinch” or “plague” of the party by deliberately ensuring that underage guests do not have access to alcohol. However, it`s better to be known as the “Grinch” than when a minor drunk minor leaves your event and subsequently causes injury. In the unfortunate event that a minor consumes alcohol at a social host`s event and subsequently causes injury, the social host must immediately notify their home insurance company. By complying with California`s Social Hosting Act, family and friends over the age of 21 can minimize the risk of legal liability when planning vacations and other events. This is not only a legal responsibility, but also a social and ethical one. We`ve talked about party organizers and underage drinking, but one of the most critical aspects of California`s social hosting law is that a host who knowingly serves alcoholic beverages to a minor can be held liable and face serious consequences. The wording of this law essentially exempts bars, restaurants and party organizers from liability for the actions of customers and customers who legally consume alcohol (purchased or donated) on their premises.

In other words, if you choose to legally consume alcohol, you can`t blame the person who gave it to you and/or sold it for the injuries you cause. California Civil Code Section 1714(c) states: Except as provided in paragraph (d), no social host providing alcoholic beverages to a person shall be liable at law for any damage to such person or injury to person or property, or death of any third party resulting from the consumption of such beverages. “Social host” is just a legal term for someone throwing a party, usually in their own home. Since many parties involve alcohol, hospitality raises questions of liability in case a guest is intoxicated and causes trouble or breaks the law, such as a DUI. Each state deals with this problem differently. These “social host” rules are identical to the rules applicable to dram stores or businesses that sell alcohol. As the holiday season approaches, many minor adults will be attending parties at their parents` homes or at the homes of friends or family. Those who throw parties are considered “social hosts.” In general, social hosts are exempt from any liability in the event of bodily injury, except for a major warning.

But the social host issue affects liability in a civil lawsuit related to drunk driving. For example, if you caused a drunk driving accident and the victim is suing you for medical expenses, the rules of the social host suddenly become very important. In this situation, if you are under the age of 21 (or if you were at the time of the accident), the adult who provided you with alcohol may have to share the costs. There are many things to do when organizing one, planning food and cleaning the house to worry about what to wear. With all of this, the last thing on your mind is insurance risk. The notable exception to the Social Host Act is when a guest under the age of 21 is involved. Under the exception, the responsibility of the social host extends to all injuries of the minor guest, as well as injuries caused by the underage drinker to someone else under the influence. Social host rules don`t directly affect your DUI, at least not your criminal defense. If you`ve been arrested and charged with drunk driving, it doesn`t matter who provided you with alcohol (or your age) – it`s you, not them, who can face jail time, licence suspension, and other penalties for drunk driving.

Under California law, there are significant limits on liability for alcohol-related accidents. Most of the time, party hosts, bar owners, and restaurants are not responsible for providing alcohol to their guests or claiming responsibility for accidents caused by their guests. California recently passed two laws on host social responsibility. Assembly Bill 2486 established the liability of adults who knowingly supply alcohol to minors who are then injured or killed as a result of their drinking. The bill narrowly defines “social hosts” for a person 21 years of age or older who knowingly provides alcoholic beverages to a person under 21 years of age. In addition, the definition is limited to “natural persons” who provide alcohol to guests in their residence without any reason for financial gain, whether or not the alcohol is paid. Licensed or commercial providers are not social hosts within the meaning of the bill. This law simply brings California into compliance with the vast majority of other states. Before this law, California was just a handful of states that didn`t provide liability for social hosts. The holidays are fast approaching. For many, this can mean excessive amounts of food, family, friends, and, yes, alcohol.

In this sense, the time may have come to discuss possible liability when organizing an event. This is called “social host responsibility.” Social host liability assigns civil and criminal liability to a host who distributes alcohol in his or her group. This law, which is enforced in 43 states, including California, gives a person who sustains an injury caused by one of the guests the right to sue you if the alcohol was served to guests at your party. In such a scenario, you may be sued. If a claim is filed against an insured social host, the social host`s home insurance company steps in to defend the claim. The duty to preserve evidence is crucial to the defense of the social host. This proof includes the date of the event, a list of attendees, where the alcohol was stored, and the type of alcohol at the event. Also, with today`s modern technology, many homes have some sort of surveillance recording system. These systems can be extremely helpful when directed to the location of alcohol to ensure that minors do not have access to it. These systems can also show whether a minor has had access to safe alcohol, which would help defend the social host. Social hosts are hosts of parties where alcohol is served. In many states, hosts can be held liable if their guests cause drunk driving or other alcohol-related harm.

In California, however, a social host is only liable if they give alcohol to someone under the age of 21.

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Smart Contract Jobs

Porting contracts to Arbitrum does not require any code changes or downloads, as it is compatible with existing Ethereum development languages and tools. Business experience with one or more smart contract technologies to develop solutions in the enterprise. The Smart Contract Engineer will play a key role in. Extensive knowledge of blockchain technologies and familiarity with smart contracts. Research engineers will be directly connected to the best experts in the field in. Organize internal trainings to develop smart contracts. Design, program, test, and deploy smart contracts on the Findora EVM. Design and test smart contracts. Development of smart contracts on the Ethereum network. Work with business leaders and faculty members to.. 267 Smart Contracts jobs at all sites and in all companies at NFT. Kred, we`re on a mission to change the way influencers, creators, and brands connect with their customers/fans through NFTs. Your responsibilities include, but are not limited to: Senior NFT Blockchain/Crypto Expert for the Gaming Project We have developed the leading no-code white label solution for NFT hubs and marketplaces (NFT.

Kred). We are blockchain agnostic and have integrated Polygon, Ethereum, Solana and Flow (more to come!). As a smart contract developer at NFT. Kred has the opportunity to work with big brands and celebrities on a new technology – NFTs.

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Singapore Legal Advice Injunctions

Do you want to import food for your business in Singapore? There are a few important regulations that you need to follow in order to legally bring food into the country. We wrote in a lawsuit, an injunction is a court order to a party to refrain from certain actions or perform certain tasks. Injunctions are often used to enforce judgments in court proceedings. If you`re running a business, there`s a chance you`ll be involved in a business-related lawsuit, so it`s good to familiarize yourself with injunctions and how they work. The court normally requires the applicant to file an application without delay after becoming aware of the facts for which protection he or she is seeking. If there are delays, it is likely that the plaintiff will not be able to obtain ex parte injunctions because his inability to travel with a genuine shipment is considered by the court to be an indication that there is no urgent need to grant ex parte remedies. There are several types of injunctions that can be issued by Singapore courts. Here are some of the types of injunctions you may encounter during your application process, as well as examples of accompaniment for better understanding. Injunctions are generally enforced when the plaintiff seeks to deter the defendant from taking certain actions or to force the defendant to take certain actions before the dispute is resolved in order to avoid further damage or loss. An injunction issued by Anton Piller is a court order that allows one party to enter the other party`s premises to search for and seize evidence related to a lawsuit. Anton Piller injunctions allow litigants to quickly seize evidence if there is concern that the other party may destroy or manipulate material evidence.

The court held that it had jurisdiction to issue injunctions against unknown persons, as the Singapore court`s rules did not require the identity of the defendant to be known. In reaching this decision, the Court referred to English and Malaysian cases, which were decided according to similarly worded procedural rules. For cryptocurrency exchanges based or operating in Singapore, this decision means that it is now possible to be served with disclosure orders issued by Singaporean courts to disclose user account information and cryptocurrency freezing orders in user accounts. These court orders void all contractual terms between an exchange and its users, such as conditions relating to the user`s ability to transact in cryptocurrency and the exchange`s duty of secrecy with respect to the user`s information. Injunctions are orders from Singapore`s courts to refrain from doing something (or doing something). Injunctions are important legal tools that help the court and litigants enforce court judgments. Ignoring a restraining order is a criminal offense that can land you in jail and/or face a hefty fine. The threat of such a penalty helps to ensure compliance with court decisions on applications. The court will generally consider the urgency of the matter when issuing an injunction. Therefore, a clear argument for the seriousness of the situation must be made and full and fair disclosure of all material facts must be made.

In urgent situations, Singapore`s courts can issue injunctions within days. The court may also accept applications for injunctions on weekends and holidays, depending on the urgency of the matter. If you`re running a business, dealing with injunctions and lawsuits is the last thing you need. Being sued is a huge waste of time and financial resources. But did you know that there is some kind of business insurance that can comprehensively protect you from lawsuits? This is called professional liability insurance. Provide is the first commercial insurance platform that allows you to purchase professional liability insurance online. You can even get zero deductibles, meaning you have no expenses for valid claims (average deductibles are $10,000 to $20,000). As the name suggests, an injunction quia timet is a court order to prevent a party from committing illegal acts that it has threatened. Parties seeking an injunction must provide evidence of imminent danger or threats they have received. An injunction is an order made by the court before the dispute is over and a final judgment has been rendered. Injunctions are often used for urgent matters where one party has to prevent the other party from doing something very quickly (or getting them to do something quickly to solve a problem). A Mareva injunction freezes the defendant`s assets and prevents them from being wasted before a verdict is rendered.

Mareva injunctions are typically used to avoid situations where defendants may move or hide assets to prevent future enforcement actions. Mareva injunctions are usually used as interim judgments pending the outcome of a final decision. Yes, although your ability to block it will vary depending on the strength of your legal case. Example: In 2018, the High Court of Singapore issued a decision in the case of Disney Enterprises Inc and others against M1 and others. Disney sued M1, alleging that M1 allowed users to access Disney`s copyrighted content. Disney won the case. The High Court issued injunctions against M1 ordering the company to block IP addresses and websites hosting pirated Disney content. Example: A temporarily vacant warehouse is used for large illegal parties. The owner of the camp takes legal action against the organizer of these parties.

The owner is seeking an injunction against the party organizer to prevent him from hosting future events, which Facebook says will resume soon. The courts may issue an injunction to prevent the party organizer from further invading the warehouse owner`s property. Reed Smith LLP is licensed to operate as a foreign law firm in Singapore under the name and style of Reed Smith Pte Ltd (collectively “Reed Smith”). If advice on Singaporean law is required, we will refer the matter to Resource Law LLC, an official partner of Reed Smith`s Formal Law Alliance in Singapore, and work with them if necessary. Example: A hedge fund is sued for misleading investors about its ability to generate returns. The investors` legal team is concerned that the hedge fund will remove incriminating evidence such as presentations and other fund presentation materials. They are therefore seeking an injunction from Anton Piller against the hedge fund. The court issues the injunction, and the legal team can break into the hedge fund office and seize relevant evidence to further strengthen their case. This is a welcome move as it suggests that Singapore`s courts are willing to recognize and protect cryptocurrencies as property by issuing property injunctions against cryptocurrency theft, even if the identity of the perpetrators is unknown.

This decision also shows that courts are willing to issue disclosure orders against cryptocurrency exchanges based or operating in Singapore, allowing victims of cryptocurrency theft or fraud to access critical information to help them freeze and recover stolen assets. Courts generally issue injunctions as remedies if plaintiffs can prove, but are not limited to, the following: A prohibition order is a court order that prevents a party from committing or continuing an illegal act. In the landmark case of RGA Holdings International v. Loh Choon Phing Robin and another [2017] SGCA 55 (“RGA Holdings”), the Singapore Court of Appeal stated that an injunction would be granted to the plaintiffs without further trial. This happens when the defendant (the sued person) has already violated (or is about to violate) a negative agreement in a contract. A negative clause is a promise not to do something (e.g. not to sell certain devices, not to share confidential information, etc.). Cryptocurrency can be protected by property orders, as cryptocurrency assets can create property rights Injunctions are legal instruments in the form of a court order that requires a party to perform or refrain from certain actions. An injunction is an injunction prohibiting a party from doing an act; A mandatory injunction is an order to perform an act. An injunction can be an injunction, such as an injunction that remains in effect until the judgment is delivered, or permanent (final order) that lasts permanently or until a certain date after the end of the proceedings.

In an emergency, a party can obtain an injunction or injunction within a few days. In cases where time is of the essence, courts may hear applications for injunctions on weekends or even holidays. Due to the complexity of injunctions and the need to comply with court rules and related procedures, it is appropriate to hire a litigator to help apply for an injunction. Because of the seriousness and consequences of injunctions, a plaintiff is generally required to notify the other party to ensure a fair trial. However, there are cases where requests may be addressed to the other party without notice (ex parte), for example when there is no time to notify the other party or when it is inappropriate to do so. An injunction from Mareva prevents the defendant from selling his property. Mareva orders may apply to assets located in Singapore or to assets worldwide. Mareva`s injunctions prevent the defendant from disposing of its assets in order to withdraw compensation from its creditors. For example, hot debtors may try to quickly sell their stocks, real estate, and other assets if they are sued by their creditors and lose the case.

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Silent E Words Rule

Wait, your rule that every syllable must have a vowel has the required exception. You know, “every rule has an exception.” To soften the c /s/ and g /j/ at the end of a word. Silent Final-E is added so that these words are not pronounced with a hard c/k/ or hard g/g/. Amy Sparrow, The word “you” ends with “or,” not “u.” I`m not funny. OR and you are two different sound carriers. Or is very rare at the end of English words. The equivalent phonogram used at the end of words is “ow”. The only fairly common words that come to mind to end with “ou” come from French through Aboriginal languages: caribou, bayou, manitou, kinkajou. “You” (and the singular “you”) return to Old English forms. Nike and Skype: what is the correct pronunciation? With breastfeeding or not? Thus, the magic e or silent e makes other vowels say their name.

Another way of imagining “every syllable must have a vowel” is “every syllable must have a vowel sound”. While we can safely return to the origin of rhythm as the original rhythm, we can also imagine that it (and Chasm, Buddhism, and other ism words) has schwa as a vowel in the last syllable. As for syllBLE, puZLE, staPLE etc. and other consonants, the vowel sound is a schwa between consonants and e is simply the vowel because syllables simply need it! Teaching students the different spelling rules that govern the English language is so important for tasks involving decoding and coding. For this reason, the various spelling rules are anchored in Orton Gillingham`s program. The silent -e rule is one such rule that allows students to mix words and spell them accurately. We cannot assume that students know the rules and patterns of English. They must be explicitly taught and have sufficient opportunities to apply them in order to acquire mastery.

Rhythm and abyss are MONOSYLLABIC words. The rule is that a syllable is a word or part of a word with a vowel. You see 2 vowels in the word COME, but come has one syllable because it only has one vowel sound. There are three vowels in the word AGAIN, but again has 2 syllables because it has two vowels. The “i” is silent. The e at the end of have and blue do not affect pronunciation. The e is there because otherwise the words would end in v or u. Impromptu is one of the few exceptions to this rule. I am amazed at the knowledge I gain every time I read one of your messages! I have been an elementary school teacher for 35 years and there are many spelling rules that were completely unknown to me! Now that I teach a dyslexic, I find your resources exceptionally effective in teaching my student. Thanks for sharing! Like any system designed to provide guidelines to learners, English spelling rules don`t throw a web wide enough to cover every case.

However, they cover a large number, so it is up to the learner to observe the exceptions. But “Ugh. English! »? Dismissing an entire language for a few mistakes seems a bit extreme. It`s so good and clear. This silent e captures a lot of people – even adults! Although English is a complex language, there is a system for its spelling. In fact, more than half of all English words follow established rules or consistently use common spellings. When we learn this system of rules that governs most of our words, it demystifies the “kitchen” of how English works and makes it easier to read and write. Rule #2. English words do not end in you or v. What about the word you? In response to Gwen`s question: “Are there rules for spelling words ending in -ence or -ance? (similar, -ant and -ent). I never remember if it`s Correspondence or Correspondence, prevalent or prevalent (too many A`s in a row), Relevance or Relevance (too many E in a row)” Yes, there is a rule, but it`s not entirely useful.

The reason for your confusion is that the vowel in these words is always unstressed and is always pronounced as schwa /ə/. There is no rule in English that determines spelling, only the pronunciation rule “an unstressed vowel is usually pronounced /ə/. The spelling was determined by the Latin from which these words come. As a Spanish speaker, I only think about the Spanish spelling/pronunciation of the Spanish equivalent of the word – the written vowel is almost always the same in Spanish. I know the word is independencia, so it is independence in English; correspondence > correspondence; prevalent> prevail; relevanceAncia> Relevance. However, there are some exceptions: resistEncia> resistAnce. However, the exceptions are so few that you can easily remember them. We`re sorry, but if you don`t speak Spanish, it`s not very helpful. But if you speak French, Portuguese or Italian, it`s possible! Connie, A silent E can make a vowel long, even if there are two consonants between the E and the vowel. It`s not as common as a simple consonant in between, but it happens. The A in taste (and dough, waste, change and the like) is long because of the silent E. Thanks for that! We`re just learning the first silent e job at level 2, and now every word we come across with an e at the end is “a name game”, but they are not, always!! Ugh! I look forward to continuing to get from here so we can do the other work this e! 😊 👩 🏫 We can help them by teaching them the rules and helping you discover the underlying conditions that might be interfering with their learning.

Compare the pronunciation of the following word pairs: Let`s update the `/a/` sound and all other vowel sounds produced with the silent e. Saraj, you`re right. The word “because” does not fit into any of the last silent electronic categories. It seems that the “e” in “because” is used to give the “s” a /z/ sound. 5. Sometimes the silent final has no purpose. I`m a big fan of the Spalding method to start reading. With this method, the student is introduced to the 70 sound carriers with which English is written.

As students learn each recording, they learn words that are written with it. You will also learn some basic rules, such as the “silent finale”. Adding an e to the end of a word that contains a vowel between two consonants causes the vowel to “say its name”: pale; Tom, tome; Tim, time, bathtub, tube. This rule explains the spelling of the story. The sound support also spells the tone A long. It comes in words: tail, sail, mail, rail. The same sound is written at the end of the words: say, can, radiate. For example, the word “make” the silent “e” forces the preceding vowel to say its name – “a”. The last e at the end of Italian music borrowing forte (strong, powerful) is pronounced like a long a: /for-tay/. Ex. This measure is marked as strong. The last e at the end of the French emprunt forte (force, force) is silent, although many speakers pronounce this word in the same way as the term musical.

Example: Cooking is not my forte. Diligent reviews will point out the exceptions I haven`t mentioned, but in most cases, all five rules apply and are useful to know. The Montessori learning method helps a child read, write and relate to English words and language more easily and quickly. Note: Some words follow a combination of rule #1 and rule #3. Examples: The first silent E rule was taught to me many years ago in school. Now I use AAS to teach my daughter all the rules of spelling in third grade, and this has significantly improved her spelling and vocabulary. It also improves my spelling. We love everything about spelling!!! Great infographic and I love how you break down all the rules into simpler chunks. I will save this diagram for future use.

Watch the video to learn how to pronounce the words that contain the magic “e” or the silent “e”. Another reason why I love AAR! Give kids the tools they need to learn to read, not just rules for memorizing! Thank you very much! Spelling rules don`t always work, but they work most of the time, giving students a memory that helps them remember exceptions. When applying the silent E rule, the most common rule is: In words such as candle, cucumber, and people, the last syllable can be pronounced without a vowel, but “in English, each syllable must have a vowel.” (Would we really like to write pebble or littl?) You`re welcome, Troy. Four years is young enough to learn all of Silent E`s many rules, but it looks like she`s doing so well! If “e” is the last letter of a word and the preceding syllable has only one vowel, the first vowel is usually long and the “e” is silent.

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Should Marijuanas Be Legalized in Philippines

Opponents of legalization in the Philippines argue that patients with or without this legislation (or other similar proposals, past or present) can apply for a compassionate permit under Republic Act 9165 to use a controlled substance such as cannabis to treat certain medical conditions. ACCEPT! However, it should be noted that not only is the licensing process complicated, but the real issue is access to cannabis once the permit is granted. Cannabis is not legally available in the Philippines, so patients with a compassionate license must either import it at exorbitant costs or buy it illegally on the black market. Well, first of all, legalization doesn`t mean we allow kids to use it. It should be treated like alcohol, with age restrictions and proper licenses to sell it. Second, it`s only illegal because Richard Nixon said so. Before 1972, before the passage of Republic Act No. 6425 or the Dangerous Drugs Act of 1972 (which was a direct response to Nixon`s war on drugs), marijuana was simply a harmless plant that had grown peacefully for millennia. Enaje said that if the Philippines were to follow the Thai model, it should “base its policy on the interests and needs of farmers and producers, which benefits the economy.” Although marijuana is only used for medical purposes, the problem with legalization is the implementation of the law. Unfortunately, the Philippines excels at making a law, but not at implementing it. It may be vulnerable to regulatory oversight.

The way medical marijuana is to be approved, prescribed, dosed, stored and made available to the public is very different from other prescription drugs. This requires a number of surveys and validations. Although there is a huge amount of research on marijuana from other countries such as the United States, these studies cannot be considered similar to marijuana grown on Philippine soil. Marijuana plants that are not grown in the same soil and environment would have a different plant chemistry and do not produce similar compounds, although they are morphologically similar. Because of this variation, the results may have different safety profiles and may not have the same therapeutic effects. There is still a long way to go before we see the final results. Marijuana benefits not only the body, but also the economy. Just like drugs and other commodities, the legalization of marijuana can generate significant profits that we desperately need in these economic times. In the first six months of 2014, Colorado alone generated more than $25 million in tax revenue, and the state expects that figure to triple by mid-2015. Just think of how much money the country would make if the entire United States legalized cannabis use? According to NerdWallet`s latest analysis, if all 50 states legalized marijuana today, the country could generate more than $3 billion in tax revenue. This very important potential gain can be extremely useful throughout our country.

It can be used to improve education, improve health care, develop the justice system, help the poor repay the country`s debt, and strengthen unfunded government programs. And keep in mind that in addition to sales tax, several other revenues can be generated if marijuana is legalized. Once this is legal, states and cities may impose other fees on consumers and retailers, such as licenses and annual fees. but here in the Philippines, marijuana is still not legalized. Many have said that people will abuse it and that is why marijuana is still not legalized. Here are the good reasons why we should legalize marijuana as the law is there to serve people and not the other way around. And as society evolves, so should our laws. Because with all the modern problems we face, the answer is not to add more laws and law enforcement agencies, but to update them regularly so that we can prioritize using our enforcement resources for the things that really matter. In other words, choose your battles. As a political lunatic, I am a big supporter of government surveillance.

With my experience in the cannabis field, I definitely support the need to regulate a product that is extremely vulnerable to abuse and diversion to the black market, involves a ridiculous amount of money, and has potential links to a variety of illegal activities that fuel the underground economy. I`m not going to go into the details (pun intended) of what the proposed regulatory structure would be, as the bill is likely to undergo several iterations in the bicameral process – assuming it gains traction in the early stages.

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Shelter Tenancy Agreement

A fictitious agreement is when both parties share the intention that the agreement is something other than the “label” it describes, for example, they intend to create a lease but describe the contract as a license. [3] Your consent may give you additional rights, but it cannot take away your legal rights. These depend on the type of tenancy you have and who your landlord is – for example, a private landlord, municipality or housing association. Check out the section of this website that covers the type of owner you need to learn more and get advice if you`re unsure of your rights. If you sign a joint agreement with another person or group of people, you have exactly the same rights and obligations as anyone else. You are all equally responsible for complying with the terms of the agreement. For example: It`s usually easier for your landlord to ask you to leave during a periodic agreement. They still have to follow the right process to chase you away. Get advice if you think your agreement contains abusive terms or that your landlord is forcing you to do something you don`t think is fair. The main difference between a lease and a license is that a license usually gives you less protection from eviction. A tenancy gives you the legal right to live in a particular property, while a license gives you personal permission to live there. Ask your landlord to give your consent in writing. This can help you and your landlord understand your rights and obligations.

If the landlord accepts rent from you to live in the property, any verbal agreement you have is considered a legal agreement. The agreement may also specify who you can contact about repairs, tenant rules, subletting, and passing on your tenancy. The agreement may include rules regarding pets, guests or smoking. When you rent your home, you probably got a rental or residence permit from your landlord. The type of lease or license you have depends on many things, including who your landlord is and when the contract started. In most cases, your landlord will need to give you notice and won`t just be able to ask you to move out on the last day. There are special procedures that the landlord must follow if they want you to leave. These depend on the type of lease you have. If the tenant can sublet or assign the lease Check that your contract contains information such as: Your contract, whether it`s a lease or a license, should be written in plain language that you can understand. Your agreement should state whether you need to make a deposit, what it covers, and what circumstances prevent you from getting your deposit back. Agreements cannot revoke the rights granted to tenants or licensees by Acts of Parliament, even if the wording of an agreement provides otherwise. For example, section 11 of the Landlords and Tenants Act 1985 imposes certain obligations of redress on the landlord which cannot be waived by imposing the obligation on the tenant in the wording of the lease.

Many landlords use standard leases that already spell out these conditions. A lease does not end with the death of an owner. The landlord`s executor (if the landlord left a will) takes over the landlord`s actions until the property is transferred to the successor or sold. [5] If the landlord did not leave a will, the property passes to the Public Trustee until a family member of the landlord receives approval from the administration of the estate. [6] A new landlord is bound by the terms of an existing lease. The terms of a lease or license agreement may be negotiated between the landlord and the prospective tenant, but in practice, the tenant may not have much leeway to negotiate favorable terms. Your landlord can`t just take away your basic rights by not giving you written consent. The rules apply to everyone who rents a house and does not need to be written.

However, verbal agreements can be more difficult to enforce when disputes arise, so it`s worth asking your landlord to put it in writing. It will be in his interest and yours to ensure that both parties understand their rights and obligations. However, some landlords use the wrong type of written agreement, so your rental type may be different from what`s in your agreement. Who the tenant should contact if there are any problems during the rental. If one of you wants to leave and tells the owner to end the agreement, they can terminate the agreement for everyone. In most cases, yes, but it is possible that you have a different type of rental than the one indicated in your agreement. While most leases do this correctly, it`s worth checking out because different types of leases give you very different rights. If you enter into a joint rental agreement with another person or a group of people, you have the same rights and obligations as others. Unfair terms are not legally binding. If you think your agreement contains abusive terms or that your landlord is forcing you to do something you don`t think is fair, ask a consultant to review the agreement for you. The Autorité de la concurrence et des marchés has published guidelines for companies on unfair contract terms.

If there is evidence (verbal or otherwise) that a provision of an agreement should never be effective, the evidence may prevail over the written agreement to determine whether the contract is a lease or a licence. In some cases, residents signed agreements that allowed the landlord to share their apartment or host other residents in their homes: these were often challenged on the grounds that the conditions should not be effective and that they were simply a poor way to avoid creating a lease. [2] If there is a written agreement, it will prove what was intended, and the burden of proof is on the person who wants to override the provisions of a written agreement. You can usually determine the type of rental you have by reviewing your contract. Verbal agreements can be more difficult to enforce in the event of a dispute. “We want to make sure everyone has a safe and warm place to call home. The new tenancy is in line with our wider ambitions for housing in Scotland – including our ambitious commitment to create at least 50,000 affordable homes during this parliamentary term, including rental housing. » Unfair terms in a lease are not legally binding on you. However, you still have to follow the rest of the deal.

If a person is unable to sign a lease, anyone intending to sign the contract on their behalf may do so only with the approval of the Protection Court. [4] This situation occurs primarily when an adult with a learning disability is transferred from a hospital or nursing home to a community-assisted living facility. Normally, the power of the court must also be obtained in connection with the signing of a contract to terminate the lease. The Court of Protection has issued guidelines on how to apply for leave in these circumstances. If you have a written agreement, it should set out the rights and obligations you have during the tenancy and list the conditions you and your landlord must meet while you live there. Read it carefully before signing it and ask the owner to clarify anything you`re not sure about. Certain rights and obligations apply regardless of what is stated in the agreement. If you don`t have a written agreement, you still have legal rights. Some rules apply even if they are not written.

The main difference between a rental and a license is that a rental usually offers you more protection from eviction. Other agreements are periodic, meaning they work week after week or month after month. You don`t have a license or rental just because the landlord says you do. It depends on your housing situation. Rental or license agreements may be concluded in writing or orally. Verbal ancillary agreements are just as legally binding as written agreements. However, it is advisable to enter into a written agreement so that the terms of the agreement are clear to both parties. Some leases are granted for a fixed term, for example 6 months or 1 year. For example, most people who rent from a private landlord and do not share accommodation with them have a guaranteed short-term rental.

The owner of a guaranteed short-term lease may terminate the contract for any reason, provided that he duly informs the tenant and follows the correct procedure.

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Sentence with Legal

In most systems, the final verdict is unique, precisely in that no one can be convicted more than once for the same act, except, of course, opposition to the appeal. The sentence imposed depends on the philosophical principle of the court and what the legal system considers to be the object of the sentence. The most common objectives of sentencing are: Criminal law sometimes has pitfalls that lead to much harsher sentences when certain facts are proven. For example, an armed professional criminal or customary law may sentence an accused to a substantial increase in his sentence if he commits a third offence of some type. It is therefore difficult to obtain fine gradations of sanctions. The first use of this word with this meaning was in Roman law, where it indicated the opinion of a jurist on a particular issue, expressed in writing or orally. It is also the opinion of senators that has been translated into the senatus consultus. After all, it was also the decision of the sentencing body in civil and criminal proceedings, as well as the decision of arbitrators in arbitration proceedings. As a rule, the judgment comes after a process in which the decision-making body is able to assess whether or not the conduct analysed is compatible with legal systems and, finally, which aspects of the conduct might affect which laws. Depending on the particular systems, the stages leading up to judgment can vary considerably and the judgment may be rejected by both parties on some degree of appeal. The sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal with the highest permissible degree immediately becomes the final judgment, as does the sentence imposed in minor degrees, to which the convicted person or the prosecutor does not object or does not object within a certain period. The sentence must normally be in the public domain, and in most systems it must be accompanied by the reasons for its content, a kind of history of the legal reflections and assessments that the jury body used to create it.

If a sentence is reduced to a less severe one, the sentence is considered mitigated or commuted. Murder charges are rarely mitigated and reduced to manslaughter charges. In some jurisdictions, however, an accused may be punished beyond the terms of punishment, social stigma, loss of state benefits, or, collectively, the collateral consequences of criminal charges. Sentencing is usually determined by a judge and/or jury and pronounced in the name or on behalf of the higher authority of the State. In modern Latin systems, judgment is primarily the last act of a proceeding in which a judge or, more generally, a body is called upon to express its assessment, so it can be rendered in virtually any area of law that requires a function of the evaluation of something by an organ. Anglo-French, from Latin legalis, from the law leg-, lex A sentence, even if it is final, can be annulled in certain cases that many systems usually predetermine. The most common case concerns irregularities discovered later in the course of the procedure. This is perhaps most evident in criminal cases when relevant evidence is discovered after the final judgment. Legal, legal, legitimate, legal means complying with the law. Licite may apply to conformity with laws of any kind (e.g., natural, divine, general, or canonical). The legal sovereign right applies to what is sanctioned by law or in accordance with the law, especially if it is written or administered by the courts. Legal residents of the state may legitimately refer to a legal right or status, but also, in the case of extensive use, to a right or status supported by tradition, custom or accepted norms.

A perfectly legitimate question about tax legality concerns strict compliance with legal provisions and applies in particular to what is regulated by law. Legal use of drugs by doctors The term punishment in law refers to a sentence that has been or could be ordered by a court of first instance in the context of criminal proceedings. [1] A sentence is the last explicit act of a trial decided by the courts as well as the main symbolic act associated with its function. The penalty can generally include imprisonment, a fine, and/or penalties against an accused who has been convicted of a crime.

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Second Naivete Definition

Thank you for this post. The idea of a second naivety (which is starting to resemble religion, as this post would say) in hermeneutics as an approach to life is something I`ve been thinking a lot about lately, in other words. I reconsidered my atheism last week because I ran into a difficult problem: how can I reconcile my admittedly old-fashioned belief in a necessary connection between beauty and truth without resorting to a teleology that presupposes a God? I`ve found psychosocial answers that I`m not particularly happy with, and I think the idea of panpsychism is just a goalpost movement. So, either it`s my faith, which I don`t want to do because my experience has always confirmed it, and academic arguments, on the contrary, have always found me more than posing or glorifying myself, or it basically comes back to Methodism, the religion in which I grew up and which I still find attractive. But on the second naïve question, I recently read Chesterton`s G.K. “The Ethics of Elfland,” which seemed to me to be an incredible argument for so-called fairytale thinking when approaching the world, and at least seemed to me to indicate the right way to live one`s life, whether or not one accepts the religious aspects of Chesterton. For much of the first half of our lives, we are engaged in the affairs of life; Finding our place in the world, finding our “tribes”, setting boundaries and then trying to secure them – in our work, our love, at home and even in the life of the church. And often, it is only in the second half of life that we truly realize that our hunger and need for meaning cannot be satisfied by the things of this world. This doesn`t mean that we didn`t have a life of faith before this point or that we don`t have a relationship with God, but it is an indicator that we must have lived a certain number of lives and made mistakes before we can truly deal with the deepest questions of meaning. First, the fact that these visitors were pagans means that the promise mentioned above that all nations would be blessed. in Abraham and that his seed would be fulfilled in this “newborn king of the Jews.” And secondly, “the rising star in the east” (Mt 2:2), which leads to the Child Jesus in Bethlehem, puts an end to astrology and gives us an important indicator of the truth about humanity and its destiny. The ancient belief in the stars as divine powers that have shaped, even determined, the destiny of men and nations is replaced by the truth of the cause: as the Pope writes: “It is not the star that determines the fate of the child, it is the child” (and his father, whose will is to reveal to man the truth about man), who “directs the star”.

Great discussion! My understanding is that the second naivety will not come from cognitive thinking, which would keep you in the critical distance phase. On the contrary, finding other embodied ways of being with religious principles can, over time or instantaneously, open up the second naivety. Religion is more than a series of stories. Rituals are incredibly important. The deeper the participation, the deeper its impact. Perhaps, instead of receiving communion, giving it. I also wonder about engagement through art, performance or embodied meditation. I am comforted by this observation that beyond the critical phase of my journey, marked by the rejection of literalism that seemed so comfortable when I was a child, there is a new phase, one that involves devotion to mystery. A second naivety. For me, the desert is the perfect metaphor for this. I look, and at first there is nothing; Then I enter the silence and it comes to life.

The second naivety coincides closely with the change phase of psychotherapy, which is the second stage. The first step is the linking phase, which would be the first naivety. The third stage is the phase of self-realization, here you develop consciousness. Patrick McNamara`s Dr. Neuroscience of the Religious Experience describes what happens in the brain. When it comes to psychologically a good psychotherapy book or psychologist, the process is described in detail because it works mentally. All religions, and I mean ALL religions, try to help their believers through these three stages. And what is true for Bible scholars is certainly true for other believers as well. We, too, must learn to approach the Bible with what the French philosopher Paul Ricoeur once called a “second naivety”—not the naivety of the child, but the openness to wonder and mystery that comes from crossing the purifying fires of modern knowledge without reducing faith in revelation or reason to ashes and dust. This is what Joseph Ratzinger tried to do in his Jesus of Nazareth triptych: to offer twenty-first-century believers and twenty-first-century skeptics a theologically informed reading of Jesus` life that engages with what can be learned from historical-critical science, but does not treat the Bible like a coroner treats a carcass: like something dead that needs to be dissected. Is it the second naivety when you open up again to appreciate the ambiguity of words and think about how it might be possible to embody the words you love instead of just using words to create unambiguous mental constructs? My thesis The Full Has Never Been Told: Theology and the Encounter with Globalization explores the encounter between religion and globalization.

The song Untold Story (Banton, 2002) by Rastafarian reggae singer Buju Banton recounts a multitude of injustices and suffering inflicted on “people on a budget” and ends with the chorus: “I could go on and on, everything has never been said.” All this has never been said, it is the hermeneutical orientation of my research, which summarizes the suffering of the wretched of the earth in the face of the oppressive forces of globalization, and the hope that inevitably springs from this encounter. My research begins with an understanding of globalization not as a clash of civilizations, but as a clash of symbols and metaphors. An important finding I have examined is the theoretical significance of the “deterritorialization” of symbols as the main long-term driver of economic, political and social globalization and globalization in developing countries as a border situation. The Caribbean experience of transatlantic slavery, colonization/decolonization, immigration of contract workers and the continued exodus of Caribbean labour around the world represents the first confrontation with the frontier situation of globalization. Paul Ricoeur identifies borderline situations as encounters with “war, suffering, guilt, death, etc., which the individual or community experiences as a fundamental existential crisis.” In the Caribbean, these border situations require solutions that go beyond purely political, economic or technical means. They ask, as Ricoeur notes, “Let us ask ourselves the ultimate question about our origins and our goals: where do we come from? Are we going to? In this way, we become aware of our fundamental abilities and our reason for surviving, being, and continuing to be who we are. These questions and contradictions are at the heart of theology`s encounter with globalization. The hypotheses I have tried to prove are as follows: if the leading globalization theorists of the social sciences are right in their assessment of the importance of communication and symbolic exchange for globalization, then a hermeneutic of the productive imagination that pays attention to symbols and myths is an essential analytical tool for reflecting on globalization. Such hermeneutics has the advantage of situating globalization both as a text and as a context of theological and social science analysis. Through his interpretation of the symbolic meaning of word, sound and power, Rastafari contributes to the reflection on this encounter, positioning it as a fundamental example of a hermeneutic of liberation in practice that charges theological language through the reconstruction, reconstitution and reincarnation of symbol and myth. This project used an interdisciplinary methodology using Paul Ricoeur`s phenomenological hermeneutics of productive imagination, Niklas Luhmann and Peter Beyer`s social theory of the communicative characteristics of global society, and Rastafarian interpretation of word, sound, and power in their encounter with globalization. The theoretical framework of my project follows the hermeneutic arc of Paul Ricoeur.

The first moment of the arc, preunderstanding, presents the historical framework of globalization and religion. In the second moment of the arc, the configuration, this framework is configured with the presentation of the productive imagination by Ricoeur to present a hermeneutic model to understand and explain the symbolic and mythical encounter of globalization. In the final moment of the narrative arc, the Rastafarian hermeneutics of speech, sound, and power, emerging from the Rastafarian experience of globalization, emerges as an example of an ontology of hope that has traversed despair. This interdisciplinary methodology attempted to bridge the gap between theological reflection and social science theory. These theories complement each other by drawing our attention to the excess of meaning inherent in any meaningful text, speech or action. Ricoeur, Luhmann and Beyer start from the centrality of meaning for human existence and recognize that meaning is placed before a foreground or a horizon of possible meaning. It is the surplus of meaning that Ricoeur`s hermeneutics tries to understand, and the conceptualization of society in the sense of the communication systems of meaning processing promoted by Luhmann and Beyer.

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